Risk assessments are on-site investigations to determine the existence, nature, severity, and location of lead-based paint hazards accompanied by a report explaining the results and options for reducing lead-based paint hazards (40 CFR 745.227(d)(11)) (see Appendix 6). A lead-based paint hazard is any condition that causes exposure to lead from dust-lead hazards, soil-lead hazards, or lead-based paint that is deteriorated, or present in chewable surfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects. Risk assessments can be performed only by risk assessors certified or licensed by EPA or an EPA-authorized State, Tribe or Territory.
- Identification of the existence, nature, severity, source, and location of lead-based paint hazards, including soil and dust hazards as well as paint (or documentation that no such hazards have been identified).
- Description of the options for controlling lead hazards in the event that hazards are found, including interim controls and abatement measures.
In addition, a risk assessor may provide other information, such as:
- Suggestions on how to keep in a non-hazardous condition lead-based paint that will remain in a dwelling after present hazards are corrected.
- Recommended changes to the management and maintenance systems. By considering all hazards and examining resident and owner practices, a risk assessor can determine appropriate ways to control hazards and modify management practices so that the chance of hazards recurring is reduced.
- If the housing is HUD-assisted, that HUD considers a risk assessment of the housing to be valid for 12 months (see 24 CFR 35.165(b)(1)).